Classical capitalist economists on the role of the state

“Laws and government may be considered in this and indeed in every case as a combination of the rich to oppress the poor, and preserve to themselves the inequality of the goods which would otherwise be soon destroyed by the attacks of the poor, who if not hindered by the government would soon reduce the others to an equality with themselves by open violence.”

–Adam Smith (Lectures on Jurisprudence, 208, 1762)


“The great and chief end therefore, of Mens uniting into Commonwealths, and putting themselves under Government, is the Preservation of their Property.”

–John Locke (Second Treatise, § 124.)


See also: Whose Constitution?

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