“The Indians must conform to ‘the white man’s ways’, peaceably if they will, forcibly if they must.”

“The Indians must conform to ‘the white man’s ways’, peaceably if they will, forcibly if they must. They must adjust themselves to their environment, and conform their mode of living substantially to our civilization. This civilization may not be the best possible, but it is the best the Indians can get. They cannot escape it, and must either conform to it or be crushed by it. The tribal relations should be broken up, socialism destroyed, and the family and the autonomy of the individual substituted.”

–Thomas Morgan, U.S. Commissioner of Indian Affairs (October, 1889)

Wounded Knee Massacre -- Body Frozen in Snow
Body frozen in the snow, following the Wounded Knee Massacre of December 29, 1890