— Frederick Douglas
On this day in history, September 3, 1838: Frederick Douglas escaped from slavery in Maryland, and fled to New York. Born in 1818 to a slave mother, Douglas was sent to work in the Baltimore shipyards as a caulker. He secretly learned to read and write during this time period, and was ultimately able to escape using forged identity papers. After his escape, Douglas became one of the leading abolitionists in the United States, writing prolifically on the subject of slavery, editing an abolitionist newspaper, and traveling all over the country to raise awareness . After chattel slavery was made illegal and replaced by Jim Crow segregation and lynchings, he spent the rest of his life actively resisting the racist exploitation of black folks, as well as standing up for the rights of women and immigrants.Douglas died on February 20, 1895 and was buried at Mount Hope Cemetary in Rochester, New York.